Native American

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A Rush to Judgment

By Roger E. Salhany

Did Louis Riel have a fair trial?

The trial and conviction of Louis Riel for treason in the summer of 1885 and his execution on November 16, 1885, have been the subjects of historical comment and criticism for over one hundred years. A Rush to Judgment challenges the view held ... Read more

Back to the Red Road

By Florence Kaefer & Edward Gamblin

In June 1967, Norway House Indian Residential School of Manitoba closed its doors after a somewhat questionable past. In 1954, when Florence Kaefer was just nineteen, she accepted a job as a teacher at Norway House. Unaware of the difficult conditions the students were enduring, ... Read more

Box of Treasures or Empty Box?

Edited by Ardith Walkem & Halie Bruce

Over twenty years ago, Aboriginal and Treaty Rights were included in Section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982. They provided the basis for recognition of the unique status of Indigenous Peoples within Canada. After four first ministers' conferences on Aboriginal Constitutional ... Read more

Following Nimishoomis

By Helen Agger

Following Nimishoomis provides a detailed history of the Namegosibiing Trout Lake community in northwestern Ontario through the life story of Dedibaayaanimanook Sarah Keesick Olsen as told by her daughter. Namegosibiing was Dedibaayaanimanook's ancestral homeland where she was ... Read more

Go Down Odawa Way

By Daniel Lockhart

Go Down Odawa Way is a poetry collection that explores the physical, historical, and cultural spaces that make up the southwestern traditional territory of the Three Fires Confederacy. This is the region currently inhabited by southwestern Ontario and southeastern Michigan. Individual ... Read more

Hamatsa

By Jim McDowell

For more the 200 years, controversy has simmered over the subject of cannibalism on the Pacific Northwest Coast. So heated has the topic become that many scholars have hesitated to engage in the debate. Now, using an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural approach, historian Jim ... Read more

Invisible Generations

By Jean Barman

Born of Indigenous grandmothers and white grandfathers, Irene Kelleher lived all her life in the shadow of her heritage. Her local community in British Columbia's Fraser Valley treated her as if she was invisible. The combination of white and Indigenous descent was beyond the ... Read more

L'sitkuk

By Darlene A. Ricker

“We have endured slavery, starvation, genocide and wars, but the spirit of our people has survived. We have one battle left to fight — ourselves.” — L’sitkuk Chief Frank Meuse JrL’sitkuk (pronounced elsetkook) is the original name for the Bear River Mi’kmaw community, ... Read more

Let the People Speak

By Sheilla Jones

Over the past fifty years, Canada’s Indigenous Affairs department (now two departments with more than 30 federal co-delivery partners) has mushroomed into a “super-province” delivering birth-to-death programs and services to First Nations, Inuit and Métis people. This ... Read more

Medicine Shows

By Yvette Nolan

Contemporary Indigenous theatre in Canada is only thirty-three years old, if one begins counting from the premiere of Maria Campbell’s Jessica in Saskatoon and the establishment of Native Earth Performing Arts in Toronto. Since those contemporaneous events in 1982, the Canadian ... Read more