Saint John Fortifications, 1630-1956

By (author): Roger Sarty, Doug Knight

Saint John became a gateway to what is now Canada in the early 1600s, and Fort La Tour, built in 1632, was one of the three main forts of Acadie. In Saint John Fortifications, Roger Sarty and Doug Knight trace the history of the port’s defences, from the earliest log palisades to the bunkers, gun emplacements, and communications stations built during World War II. Put to the test during the American Revolutionary War, Saint John has figured as one of Canada’s most significant guardians. American independence effectively closed the shipping route between the mouth of the Richelieu River, on the St. Lawrence, and the mouth of the Hudson River, at New York City. Saint John took over some of this traffic, and so the 19th century wars and threatened wars between Canada and the United States resulted in bigger and better fortifications for the city. Each new defence system has incorporated the old, including the installations built as protection from German invasion during the two World Wars. Although the last of the modern installations on Partridge Island was disabled in 1956, many sites still contain substantial reminders of their past strength. Visitors today can trace the evidence of this great commercial port’s military past.

Saint John Fortifications, 1630-1956 is the first book in the New Brunswick Military Heritage Series published by Goose Lane Editions in collaboration with the New Brunswick Military Heritage Project.

AUTHOR

Roger Sarty

Roger Sarty, one of Canada’s foremost military historians, is the former senior historian at the Directorate of History, National Defence Headquarters. He currently holds the position of deputy director of the Canadian War Museum and the author of Canada and the Battle of the Atlantic and No Higher Purpose: The Official Operational History of the Royal Canadian Navy in the Second World War.

AUTHOR

Doug Knight

Ottawa military historian Doug Knight is a retired Canadian Army officer. His engineering experience provides a solid background for his research into the history of Canadian military equipment and fortifications.

Reviews

Straddling the mouth of one of North America’s great rivers, Saint John has been an important seaport and guardian of a vast hinterland since the early 1600s. Saint John Fortifications, 1630-1956 tells the story of the port’s defences, from Fort La Tour, built in 1632, to the twentieth-century installations designed to repel German attackers. Each new defence system has incorporated the old, protecting the port throughout the conflicts that have shaped Canada: the century and a half of wars between England and France, the American Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the American Civil War, and the two World Wars. Although the last of the modern fortifications on Partridge Island was disabled in 1956, many sites still contain substantial reminders of their past strength.

Saint John Fortifications, 1630-1956 is the first volume in the New Brunswick Military Heritage Series.


“An excellent assessment of how technological advancement challenged and changed the fortifications systems and how local people had to adjust to ever-changing realities of war … any trip to Saint John could be enlightened by the descriptions of the fortifications in and around the city and what currently remains.”
Canadian HIstorical Review

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Saint John became a gateway to what is now Canada in the early 1600s, and Fort La Tour, built in 1632, was one of the three main forts of Acadie. In Saint John Fortifications, Roger Sarty and Doug Knight trace the history of the port’s defences, from the earliest log palisades to the bunkers, gun emplacements, and communications stations built during World War II. Put to the test during the American Revolutionary War, Saint John has figured as one of Canada’s most significant guardians. American independence effectively closed the shipping route between the mouth of the Richelieu River, on the St. Lawrence, and the mouth of the Hudson River, at New York City. Saint John took over some of this traffic, and so the 19th century wars and threatened wars between Canada and the United States resulted in bigger and better fortifications for the city. Each new defence system has incorporated the old, including the installations built as protection from German invasion during the two World Wars. Although the last of the modern installations on Partridge Island was disabled in 1956, many sites still contain substantial reminders of their past strength. Visitors today can trace the evidence of this great commercial port’s military past.

Saint John Fortifications, 1630-1956 is the first book in the New Brunswick Military Heritage Series published by Goose Lane Editions in collaboration with the New Brunswick Military Heritage Project.

Reader Reviews

Details

Dimensions:

112 Pages
7.75in * 5.5in * 0.32in
181gr

Published:

October 10, 2003

Publisher:

Goose Lane Editions

ISBN:

9780864923738

9780864925862 – EPUB

Book Subjects:

HISTORY / Military / Canada

Featured In:

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Language:

eng

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